An easy way to secure shelves

How to attach a shelf

How to attach a shelf to a wall so that it fits harmoniously into the interior? Interesting mounting methods on various surfaces will help to fix the horizontal surface of wood, glass, chipboard. What original support systems will add sophistication, the originality of the product will be interesting to any housewife. Use natural materials, old books, drywall niches. And if you take care of the source of electricity, you can use the LED strip or full-spectrum lamps to emphasize the collection of your favorite things or provide the necessary lighting for plants.

Mounting Methods

Not only appearance, but also reliability depends on them. Please note that the fulcrum must overlap at least half the depth of the shelf, otherwise the design cannot be called solid. The length depends on the thickness of the material, the thicker and stronger, the less the probability of deflection. A chipboard product with a thickness of 16 mm, for example, with two fulcrum points, is best not to be made longer than 800 mm.

Concealed mounting system

Do not install on drywall partitions with a thickness of less than 100 mm. Optimally durable on concrete and brick surfaces. Concealed fasteners make the construction light. Installation can be performed using the following systems:

  • hidden hinges - easy to install, not suitable for heavy loads, deep structures;
  • anchor - a pin half of which is inserted into the wall, and the other is fixed in the shelf. For installation, you need to drill holes in the wall and shelf. Use a dowel, glue, or resin to fix the pin;
  • metal rods on the strike plate - in the wall, make holes to fix the strip, drive in the dowel. Using screws, fasten the bar, then the shelf.

Corner Mount

Most often, in this way, improvised shelves are attached. You can use the corners, they are also called brackets. They can be simple metal, forged, wooden, sawn from wood.

Installation begins with the marking of the mounting points. Use a ruler, level, pencil. Designate holes for holes. Start by connecting the bracket to the wall. If the surface allows, use self-tapping screws, if drilling is necessary - fix the self-tapping screw with a cap or dowel. Now screw the shelf to the bracket in the places where the marks were made.

Suction cup

Suction cups are a great way when you need to make support for not too heavy objects, and you do not want to drill. Very often, such shelves can be found in the bathroom. Even a woman can handle this method. Here are some rules for choosing and attaching a suction cup:

  • the suction cup should be perfectly even inside, if there are cavities and roughness to the touch, the product is not of high quality;
  • wall for fastening - perfectly flat, without chips, relief;
  • on a glossy surface, the bond strength is higher than on a matte surface, since the matte is porous, weakens the contact force.

If necessary, the connection of the suction cup can be strengthened with sealant, petroleum jelly (for example, for attaching aquarium equipment), double-sided tape.


All surfaces must be degreased before joining.

Features of mounting on various surfaces

Partitions of a certain thickness and material are able to withstand various loads. How to find out whether it is possible to fasten a shelf to one or another surface, what thickness and load should be so that the structure is strong. These answers are easy to get if you think about the density, flexibility and size of materials.

To concrete and brick wall

This material is especially durable, sometimes a hammer will be required to make a hole not enough for a drill. Think about whether to mount the shelf on such a wall, try to come up with an alternative way, for example, using a whatnot. For small shelves, you can use the cork. Glue its pieces to the wall at the junction of the shelf holder and the wall. Fasten the bracket using ordinary screws.

If there is a need for drilling, consider the depth of the wall so that the self-tapping screw does not drill through the concrete. A dowel or cap is inserted into the hole, a device that, when the screw is screwed in, expands and securely fixes it. The diameter of the dowel is 1 mm larger than the diameter of the self-tapping screw, but it is equal to the circumference of the drill if the drilling surface is dense and 1 mm less if porous.

On the gypsum wall

Drywall is characterized by increased porosity, and not large thickness, so it can not withstand particularly heavy structures, but it can be attached to such a surface very easily. Of the tools you will need a self-tapping screw and a screwdriver or screwdriver. Designate drilling sites carefully and get to work. If an interior partition is made of drywall, then, as a rule, it is thick enough to withstand shelves for a built-in closet or kitchen.


The variety of forms for fixing horizontal surfaces allows you to create a unique design in the interior, place things neatly for quick access and save on furniture. Combine different textures and colors. Geometric figures will be most relevant in the style of loft and high-tech. For a classic interior, use forged shelf holders, think of them from natural material, such as wooden slings or stump cuts. The horizontal half of the saw cut will completely cope with the role of the stand for Christmas candles in a country house. Do not forget to take care of fire safety.

Alas, no comments yet. Be the first!

Add a comment

Data was not disclosed


Roof safety

Roof mounting